explain how health beliefs relate to theories of health behaviour

A multitude of different social, economic and cultural factors determine a person’s health. This means that people living in the same community, or people of the same age, can have vastly different chances of good health.
Instinctively you might think that access to health services is the biggest factor in determining health. However, many other things significantly affect our likelihood of good health. It can also be easy to blame individuals for their poor health, or congratulate others for good health, yet in reality many of the determinants of health are out of our own personal control. Underlying these broad factors is a much deeper level of structural causes, which are more difficult to change.
John is 30 years old and has a history of asthma, diabetes, is a smoker and has been overweight for most of his adult life. He lives with his wife and 3 children on a council estate housing which is overcrowded. Often he is unable to pay for the electrical bill and provide food for his family. His wife and children are overweight and they suffer from asthma. John is due to go back to his country as his visa to remain in this country will expire soon. He recently went to the GP after not visiting the GP for 2 years about a minor complaint, and as a matter of course his blood pressure was taken. Much to his surprise, it was above what was considered acceptable. His doctor started him on medication because his high blood pressure was high enough to warrant immediate action.
His blood pressure dropped, but unfortunately he still did not change his lifestyle and did not take his medication as scheduled. John is unemployed for the past 2 years and receives unemployment benefits so he does not have very much disposable income. John subsequently became depressed and lacks energy. He returned to his GP, who sent him to a Health and Wellbeing Clinic to check his blood pressure and to seek advice from health professionals who would give him advice on how to better control his blood pressure, diabetes and overweight. At the clinic he was given advice on how to change his lifestyle, which included reducing salt in his diet. However, due to cultural factors, socioeconomic factors, he struggled to eat proper meals and he did not follow any of the advice given and his blood pressure and diabetes remained a cause for concern.

Task 3: LO3 Understand factors which influence health promotion.
(Up to 1000 recommended words)
The Institute of Health Promotion and Education brings together people with a professional interest in Health Education and Health Promotion. It offers an opportunity for members to share their experience, ideas and information. The Institute responds to public consultations on behalf of members and external health promotion/education communities. In doing so, the Institute offers a voice for all those involved in health promotion and education. In the case study John is a smoker and although he has considerable health problems, he continues to smoke. Using the case study you are to write a report that will form the basis of a wider report about understanding factors which influence health promotion. You should address the following points below.
What you must do

3.1 explain how health beliefs relate to theories of health behaviour [P3.1, D3]

health beliefs : Cultural, Spiritual ,Physiological

Theories :Reason and Action ,Protection and Motivation , Stages of change model

Examples Health behaviour Theories : Why do people smoke/ drink?

use Prochaska and DiClemente Stages of Change model to support how health beliefs relate to theories of health behaviour.

3.2 discuss the potential effects of potential conflicts with local industry on health promotion. [P3.2, D1]

PLEASE TALK ABOUT TOBACCO

1. HOW DOES THE TOBACCO INDUSTRY LOBBY GOVERNMENT?

2. WHAT IS THE HEALTH CONSEQUENCE OF TOBACCO COMPANY TRYING TO INFLUENCE THE GOVERMENT ? THEN LINK TO THE CASE STUDY

3.3 Explain with examples the importance of providing relevant health related information to the public. [P3.3]

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