arts in the moro region

Arts in the Muslim Region The Muslim south where the minority Muslim population is concentrated about nine (9) ethnic-linguistic groups: 1. Tausug 2. Maranaos 3. Maguindanao 4. Samal 5. Yakan 6. Sanggil 7. Badjao 8. Molbog 9. Jama Mapun Woodcrafts: Okil or okir (wood carvings) – is the best represented by brass works, where one sees a rare blending of the aesthetic, the utilitarian, and the social purposes. Brass works: * Kabu * Gadua- jar-like containers with covers Langguay- coverless containers with decorated rims * Kendi- an ornamented teapot * Salapa and lutuan- both associated with betel-nut chewing * Talam- the gorgeous tray often used as modern table top * Kodon- used for cooking As a brave and freedom-loving people, the Muslim Filipinos developed a wide assortment of weapons. They used grave markers in order to make these weapons like wood and coral stones to carve arabesque designs. * Barung- used by tausogs of sulo * Kris-maranaos * Kampilan- used by maranaos and maguindanaons Gunong * Lantaka Although non-figurative art is predominant among Muslim Filipinos, there are a number of notable figurative types found among them. * Sarimanok- is unmistakably fowl-like in form. The head and wings are always present. A fish invariably is associated with it hanging from the break, held in the claw or serving as a base from the Sarimanok. The most important quality of the Sarimanok in its tradition form is the fact that it is executed in the round and never, like the naga (dragon-like) motif.

The Sarimanok has been transformed into a symbol power, wealth, and rank. Muslim Literature: * Darangen- a popular epic sometimes called the story of Bantogen. The epic tells the adventure of the characters aboard swift boats in search of rich booty and slaves from the lands, and of love, courtship and marriage binges. * Kapmabaning: so kiaprawa’a ko lawanen (abduction of lawanen) – this is an episode of Darangen. The story is all around the search of Prince Mabaning, one of the characters, to his princess. Ag Tobig Nog Keboklagan- of Sindangan, Zamboanga del Norte is a saga about the life and exploits of the superhuman hero named Taake, from the kingdom of Sirangan, whose Successful courtship of the Lady Pintawan in the kingdom of Keboklagan, in the very navel of the sea, sets off a series of wars between Sirangan and other kingdoms led by chieftains who resented a Subanon winning the love of the lady of Keboklagan. The wars widen, dragging other kingdoms into the fray.

The chiefs of Sirangan, led by Taake, overpower the other chiefs, but by this time, there are too many deaths, and Asog the Supreme Being in the sky world is bothered this. Asog descends on the earth, tells the combatants to stop fighting, and to hold a buklog, during which each of the warriors will be given a life partner. He fans the kingdoms and all those who died in the fighting spring to life again. * Tudbulol of the T’boli- is the core of T’boli folk literature. It is sung in its entirety only on important occasions.

Singing of the epic may take up to 16 hours depending on the version sung, and is usually done through the night. * “O papanok” and “bangsamoro”- these are Moro songs. * Parang Sibil (sword of honor)- is Kinding Sindaw’s newest dance and music drama, depicting the conquest of the Tausug people by the Americans, a historical event of the previous century now largely forgotten in Philippine and American histories. The story is immortalized in the “Parang Sabil” ballad of the Tausug people.

Kinding Sindaw’s adaptation intertwines Tausug dance, music and storytelling with commentary by American writer and journalist Mark Twain, who was morally outraged by the United States’ brutal subjugation of the Philippines. Musical instruments: Muslim String Instruments: * Serogaganding- is a two-stringed zither * Kudyapi- the most popular stringed instrument among maranaos and maguindanaons. It has two metal strings which are raised on small bridges. Below are some of the Muslim percussion instruments: Gamelan- is an ensemble of variety of gongs * Agunay- a gong with a boss made of brass. It may be alone or found in a set suspended from a frame in rows, it gives off a thick muffled sound. * Babandir- usually made of bronze, wide-rimmed, big-bossed. Because of the fineness of the bronze of which it is made, its sounds are very resonant but low when beaten. * Gandingan- has a low, thick sound. It is usually made of brass and often big but narrow ridded. * Kulintang – is a row of 7 or 8 gradually pitched gongs set horizontally on a designed wooden framework. Gabbong- is a Sulo and Yakan version of the xylophone, a series of bamboo slate nailed on wood. It is played by striking the slate with a rubber-covered hammer. * Dabakan- is a singled-headed drum, primary used as supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble. * Kubing is jaw harp. Below are some are some of the wind musical instruments in the Muslim south: * Palendag-a lip valley flute * Sabunay- a pipe with reed * Suling- a ring flute * Tumpung- a chip-on-tube flute Reporters: Fahmie Pagayawan Nasip Batingolo

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